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Gargrave (Kirk Sink) Roman villa

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Gargrave Roman Villa - excavation

The Craven Museum, Skipton, 2004,

Gargrave Roman Villa - reconstruction

English Heritage Photographic Library,


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Gargrave (Kirk Sink) Roman villa

Historical Environment Record No: MYD4006

Parish: Gargrave

OS Grid Reference: SD939535

Dale: Malhamdale

Link to Archaeology Data Service:
http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/collections/blurbs/420.cfm

Description

Aerial photographs show that the Roman villa at Gargrave was surrounded by an extensive ditched field system covering an area of 40 hectares (100 acres). It is likely that further land for grazing would have been held on the unenclosed moorland nearby. Pig bones indicate that there was also woodland nearby for them to forage in. The site has been extensively excavated since the 18th century but is as yet not fully published.

The earliest occupation on the site is indicated by a number of native style circular timber and turf built huts. They may date to the very late Iron Age or early Roman period. One of these huts actually survived throughout the Roman occupation but may not have been used as dwelling.

In the second half of the second century AD, a house with a front corridor and a central entrance between slightly projecting wings was developed. It had mosaic floors, underfloor heating and a detached bathhouse as well as an internal bath suite. Two new house buildings were added at a later date together with a single-roomed squarish building at one time linked to one of the new houses by a covered walk way.

The main houses seem to have been abandoned in the fourth century and most of their stone walls and roof tiles robbed for use elsewhere. Objects from the excavation are on display at the Craven Museum.
Source:
Hartley, B R & Fitts, R Leon (1988) The Brigantes. Gloucester: Alan Sutton

Gill, Harry M (1988) The History of Gargrave. The Ecclesiastical Parish of Gargrave Vol 2. Sheffield: Sheffield City Polytechnic

Location

A model and artefacts from the excavation are on display at The Craven Museum, Skipton. See www.cravenmuseum.org/ for opening times.

Public Transport Details

Nearest town/village: Skipton. Call Traveline on 0870 608 2 608 to plan your journey. After the welcome message key in 885 for North Yorkshire information

Accessibility

Fully accessible. See www.cravenmuseum.org/ for further details.