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Ingleborough hillfort

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Ingleborough hillfort - reconstruction

English Heritage Photographic Library,

Ingleborough hillfort site

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Ingleborough hillfort

Historical Environment Record No: MYD3700

Parish: Ingleton

OS Grid Reference: SD742746

Dale: Ribblesdale

Link to Archaeology Data Service:
http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/collections/blurbs/420.cfm

Description

The Iron Age hillfort on the top of Ingleborough is one of the highest in England. A rubble rampart surrounds the 6 hectare (15 acre) plateau and within the interior are at least twenty hut circles. The rampart is carefully built and consists of rubble contained within boxes of orthostats (flat upright stones) and dry stone walling. This building technique is believed to be unique in England though there are possible parallels in Scotland and Wales. Quarry scoops survive to the rear of the rampart and slight ditches outside the south east rampart are probably external quarry scoops and not defensive. The position of the original entrances is uncertain, but the most likely spots are on the east and north east sides. The massive dry stone walls below the north and west sides of the fort are crudely constructed and incorporate large boulders. Although built completely differently to the main rampart they may be of broadly similar date. Their function is unknown.

The twenty surviving hut circles lie mostly to the relatively sheltered eastern side of the fort. The huts tend to cluster in discrete groups. All are between 5.5 metres and 8.0 metres in diameter within rubble walls. Some of them have external drainage gullies.

So far there is no dating evidence for the site, but it seems likely that it belongs to the pre-Roman Iron Age. The site is so exposed that it is unlikely that people lived here all year round. There is also no permanent water supply. Seasonal occupation as part of a transhumance cycle, grazing stock on higher pastures in the summer and returning to the valleys in the winter may be a possibility. It may also have served as a place for ritual and the expression of power. It seems to have continued as a tribal centre right through until the Dark Ages.
Source:
Bowden, M C B, Mackay, D A & Blood, N K (1989) 'A New Survey of Ingleborough Hillfort, North Yorkshire' Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. Vol 55 pp267-271

White, Robert (2002) The Yorkshire Dales. A Landscape Through Time. Ilkley: Great Northern Books

Location

On the summit of Ingleborough (723 metres OD). Main footpaths to the summit from Clapham, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, Ingleton and The Old Hill Inn between Ribblehead and Ingleton.

Public Transport Details

Nearest town/village: Clapham or Horton in Ribblesdale. Call Traveline on 0870 608 2 608 to plan your journey. After the welcome message key in 885 for North Yorkshire information

Accessibility

A tough walk over rough ground and up steep slopes.

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