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Mastiles Lane marching camp

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Mastiles Lane marching camp - aerial photo

© YDNPA, 2004, (ANY280/2)


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Mastiles Lane marching camp

Historical Environment Record No: MYD4072

Parish: Malham

OS Grid Reference: SD914654

Dale: Malhamdale

Link to Archaeology Data Service:
http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/collections/blurbs/420.cfm

Description

The Mastiles Lane marching camp was probably built during the second half of the 1st century AD, when the Roman governor of Britain, Petillius Cerialis was forced to put down a rebellion among the Brigantes, the tribe which ruled over most of the north of England at that time. The camp lies on a high plateau and the flat open area would have made it perfect for marshalling and manoeuvering a large force of soldiers. The camp is a large one, covering an area of nearly 8.1 hectares (20 acres). The site is defined by a slight but well-defined earthen bank 0.5 metres high and 5.2 metres wide, with superficial traces of an external ditch. Original entrances guarded by clavicula (curved internal extensions of the banks), on the north, east and south side are clearly recognisable from aerial photographs, but the bank on the west has been damaged by modern breaks. Building marching camps was all part of the day’s work for a Roman soldier on the move. Soldiers carried trenching tools, baskets for moving the earth and two wooden stakes as part of their kit. As soon as the army came to a halt at the end of the day’s march, men would dig a rectangular ditch all around the area chosen, and throw up a bank inside it with the wooden stakes placed on top to form a palisade. Inside the camp, the soldiers slept in leather tents, 8 men to each tent. The commander had his own tent, safe in the centre of the camp. Source: Welfare, H and Swann, V (1994) Roman Camps of Britain. London: HMSO

Location

Follow signs from Malham village north to Malham Tarn. Before reaching the Tarn turn right at a T-junction leading to a field gate. The lane (signed to Kilnsey) starts here. It crosses the camp after about half a mile. Interpretation panel.

Public Transport Details

Nearest town/village: Malham. Call Traveline on 0870 608 2 608 to plan your journey. After the welcome message key in 885 for North Yorkshire information

Accessibility

Mastiles Lane is muddy and rough. There is a narrow footbridge crossing a beck part way along