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Surrender smelt mill

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Surrender smelt mill

(c) YDNPA 2015,


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Surrender smelt mill

Historical Environment Record No: MYD4250

Parish: Gunnerside

OS Grid Reference: SD990599

Dale: Swaledale

Link to Archaeology Data Service:

Description

The first ore from the profitable Surrender Mines was smelted in 1797 after protracted disputes over ownership which lasted nearly 100 years. The mineral lords fought each other through the courts while their miners fought and sabotaged each otherís work on the ground. One incident involved one faction sinking a shaft which was then filled in by the other side, nearly killing the men still underground.
The present Surrender smelt mill replaced two earlier ones on the site in 1841 and is interesting for its symmetrical layout. A huge waterwheel powered the bellows for the furnaces and its wheel pit can still be seen.
The main fuel for the hearths was peat and the remains of a fine open sided peat store house can also be seen on the site. It would once have had a heather-thatched roof.
Lead produced here would have been taken by pack-horse or cart to markets in Stockton-on-Tees or to Richmond once the railway station opened. It would have had many uses including paint, water pipes, weights, roof covering, lead shot and water tanks.
We have installed two interpretation panels inside the building with reconstruction drawings of the mill and peat store.

Location

From Feetham on the B6270 take the minor road north signposted Langthwaite, (in Arkengarthdale). After about 1.6km ignore the right turn. This is followed shortly by a bend, a cattle grid and a bridge. There is limited road side parking here.

On your right is a roughly metalled track and a metal gate. There is no vehicle access along the track. Walk through the gate. After about 180 m you come to Surrender Smelt Mill. The peat store is another 100m along the track.

Public Transport Details

Nearest village: Gunnerside. Call Traveline on 0870 608 2 608 to plan your journey. After the welcome message key in 885 for North Yorkshire information.

Accessibility

The gate is intended to prevent vehicles using the track but Is not an obstruction for walkers. The track is stony in places.

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